Administration The "Ovidiu Oana" private bell collection
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Go up to the albums list Album 4. Spherical bells (Crotals & Tiger bells) (24 images, size 9.89 MB)
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A very old one antique crotal from Cyprus;
Weight : 86.1gr
Size : 35mm diam
origin Cyprus
The bell was found on the territory of ancient Paphos, know as Augusta Claudia Flavia Paphos, Cyprus chapital and it was cast in the first century B.C.

Antique bronze crotal from Cyprus - Pre Roman Empire period

I'm glad to share with you a wonderfull news: I won a new auction!
The matter is a new pcs in my bells collection, but a very old one antique crotal from Cyprus, cast in bronze during Pre Roman empire in the first century B.C.

Few words about those times and place:
In the Roman inland lake, which the Mediterranean had become, Cyprus had little strategic significance. In 22 B.C. after the general consolidation in the east, Cyprus exchanged its status from an [imperial]- i.e. under the direct administration of Augustus (Octavian) and under military occupation- to a [senatorial] province. Separated from Cilicia in 27 B.C., Cyprus was ruled by a pro-consul as civil governor. Its capital was still Paphos, -Augusta Claudia Flavia Paphos-, which had steadily grown in importance since the Ptolemies as a political and religious centre and, as a result of the silting-up of the harbour of Salamis, one of the major ports. Paphos, Amathus, Salamis, and Lapethos each formed and administrative region. With municipal autonomy, elected officials and a considerable degree of independence in religious and cultural matters, the island enjoyed greater freedom than under Egyptian rule. The -Koinon- of the different cities, which was still chiefly an institution for the advance of the cult of the Emperor and for the organization of games, like the Roman senate, had the right to issue bronze coinage.
j. Cyprus crotal
Fulani population:
LOCATION: From the western part of West Africa (Senegambia) to Chad in the east (some groups reaching as far as the Nile river in the countries of Sudan and Ethiopia); largest concentrations in Nigeria, Senegal, and Guinea

POPULATION: More than 6 million

LANGUAGE: Fulfulde; Arabic; French; English

RELIGION: Islam
The history of the Fulani seems to begin with the Berber people of North Africa around the 8th or 11th century AD. As the Berbers migrated down from North Africa and mixed with the peoples in the Senegal region of West Africa the Fulani people came into existence. Over a thousand year period from AD 900 - 1000, they spread out over most of West Africa and even into some areas of Central Africa. Some groups of Fulani have been found as far as the western borders of Ethiopia. As they migrated eastward they came into contact with different African tribes. As they encountered these other peoples, they conquered the less powerful tribes. Along the way many Fulani completely or partially abandoned their traditional nomadic life in favor of a sedentary existence in towns or on farms among the conquered peoples. The nomadic Fulani continued eastward in search of the best grazing land for their cattle. Their lives revolved around and were dedicated to their herds. The more cattle a man owned, the more respect he was given. Today, some estimate as many as 18 million Fulani people stretch across the countries of West Africa. They remain to be the largest group of nomadic people in the world.

This 8 spherical bells are bronz hand made in a spiral technique.
Its looks very old and according to experts, tha Fula populations use such bells from long, long time.
My bells are from 16,th to 17,th century
k. Fulani bells
5 Old African Brass Bells ~Spiral Pattern~ 
Beautiful  brass bells from Mali, Africa, handmade by Senufo people.
The Senufo are an ethnolinguistic group composed of diverse subgroups of Gur-speaking people living in an area spanning from southern Mali and the extreme western corner of Burkina Faso to Katiola[disambiguation needed] in Ivory Coast. 

Largest bell measures 2" to top of loop, smallest bell measures 1".
Each bell has a nice sound

Approximate age: 14th or early 15th century
Overall condition: Good. Some wear and casting imperfections.  Small chips, corrosion, and pitting are a normal part of their patina attesting to their age and extensive use.
l. Senufo Bells
Spherical bronze bell from Maramureş, a North Carpatian area in Romania with a very old history going to our begginings to the giants.
The bell is cast in bronze, maybe in XI th-XIII th century and was used as decoration for horses.
The article is a gift from Michaela Judele in august 2018.
m. Maramures bell
An old spherical bell cast in North Romania area - Bucivina.
It is a gift from my brother in June 2013
n. Bucovina crotal
Zurgălău - Rusia - kolokol'chiki (колокольчики)

clopotel sferic cu decoratii florale.
dimensiune 2,9 mm diametru
origine Rusia
datat: sec. XVI - XVIII
provenienta: achizitie anticariat
o. Decorated kolokol'chiki
Russian spherical bells kolokol'chiki (колокольчики)

This are sled bells.
p. Russian kolokol'chiki
Viking crotal cast in 10,th or 11,th century a.D.
It was found near to the city of Jelgava. Latvia.
r. Viking crotal Latvia
Ancient viking pair bronze bells, artifacts found in the Viking fortification area of Dublin, Ireland.
Bells was cast before the end of the first millennium, A.D.
s. Viking crotals Ireland
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