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Last modified: 2022-10-21 18:14:49

TRADITIONS AND CUSTOMS

Spring or winter holidays are also marked in Europe by traditions that come from the mists of time, long before the Christian era.
I managed to identify a wide list of cultural models in the entire territory of Romania, but also in the Carpathian basin, the Mediterranean area and the area of ​​the Alps mountains.
A synthetic list of the costumes used in these places is presented below:

A. FOR WINTER HABITS:
- Devils - Ieud
- Dracii/Viflaimul - Botiza, Maramureş;
- Dracii – Sărăsău, Maramureş;
- Estates - Săcel, Maramureş; without horns
- Viflaimelor Night - Vişeul de sus, Maramureş
- Brondoşi with droange - Cavnic – Maramureş;
- The Game of the Santas from Chiuzbaia, Maramureş;
- Brondoşi – Baia Sprie, Maramureş;
- Masks - Roşia, Bihor;
- Turkey – Sohodol, Alba;
- Burduhoșii - Cârţa, Sibiu;
- Turks in Meziad, Bihor;
- Bulgaria - Vama, Cacica, Şcheia, Bucovina;
- Masks - Ion Creangă, Neamţ;
- Uncheşi - Pauneşti, Vrancea; [Uncles and Babes]
- The habit of cuckoos - Brăneşti, Ilfov;
- Turks from Cărpăceşti, Galati;
- Jieni in Fundeanu, Galati;
- Turca Brodoc, Vaslui;
- Fog - Meresti, Harghita;
- Moșoaiele – Luncavița, Tulcea;

B - FOR SPRING HABITS:
- Cuci from Brănești [Sedeanka] – Ilfov https://jurnaluldeilfov.ro/52799-2/
- Calușari - Oltenia, Muntenia, Dobrogea, Moldova, Transylvania;
- Lolele - Agnita, Sibiu
- Lolele - Cincu, Braşov
- Lolele - Sighisoara
- Plowarul - Părău, Braşov
- Căiuţii – Botoşana, Suceava;
- Calușerii – Mesesenii de Sus – Sălaj
- Calușarii - Orăștie - Hunedoara
- Calușarii Boșorod – Hunedoara
- Calușarii Orăștioara – Hunedoara

C. COSTUMES FROM EUROPE:
- LA VIJANERA – Spain
- Los Zarramacos – Spain
- Kukeri "Karakuși" [Black bird] from Alfatar - Bulgaria
- Survakari from Bogdanov Dol, Pernik region – Bulgaria [Dirty Days / Mursnite Dni] (horned mask, sheep fur costume, huge bells/double bells) SURVA FESTIVAL PERNIK (winter).
- Kuci from Kaynardzha, Dobruja – Bulgaria [typically female costumes, with handmade masks of rabbit and sheep fur, wooden swords and copper bells] (spring)
- New Year Mummers talăngi - Urnasch, Appenzell, Switzerland
- Urthos E Buttudos Fonni - Italia
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