The "Ovidiu Oana" private bell collection
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In winter, among the children on the lenkere (wheeled sled found only here) the brondos – masked with furred sheep skins and wearing brass bells – can be found on the streets. It seems that this costume has been preserved since the Tatar invasion (1717), being used then in order to frighten the horses of the heathens. The costume is composed of the sheepskin mask, white shirt and tassels (pants), gâbacs (whips) and several dozen dronjes (bells). Brondos meet on the streets of the town from the first day of Christmas until the New Year.
BRONDOȘII - Cavnic, Maramureș, România
Fuga Lolelor Cincu, Târa Făgăraşului

(Saxon: Urzelnlaufen)

Loles are scary masked characters with a costume made of black cloth, a painted mask that does not allow the wearer to be seen, and demonic tails woven from hemp. They perform their ritual by making a hellish noise from their waist-bound talons and Saxon whips of expertly woven leather.

It is an end-of-Winter carnival held two weeks before Lent, or two weeks before Ash Wednesday. Saxon customs with documentary attestation from 1689. The meaning of the custom of making a lot of noise to drive away winter and evil spirits from the village.

A committee of Loles directs the activity and chooses the Host from where the procession starts.

There's an allegorical chariot, a caricature-adorned trailer full of Jurors and a cook making pancakes.

The jurors criticize the villagers' antics over the year through poems composed by them.

There is also the Guilds crate carried by two people asking for eggs.

In the old days, the allegorical chariot was pulled by buffaloes, the Loles were supervised by hunters so that they would not deviate from the rules established in time.

Currently, some supervisors are being established among the Loles to respect the rules.

The procession starts from the host accompanied by the village brass band, stopping at the Town Hall.

There the Poems are recited, then they go out into the streets where they are rewarded with doughnuts, bread with lard and onions, wine and brandy.

The procession ends on the last street, each participant, going home to prepare for the Lola Ball. This concludes the celebration.

The event is organized annually by the Cincu community.

Coordinators Mihai Gottschling Jr., Mihai Gottschling Sr., Monica & Martin Mertensacker, Marlene Stanciu & Alex Herberth, Helmuth Zink Jr, Uwe Boghian, with the support of HOG Großschenk, the Soxen Association, Cincu City Hall, Cincu Police.

Folk craftsman Uwe Constantin BOGHIAN
Lolele - Cincu, Braşov, România

Spring or winter holidays are also marked in Europe by traditions that come from the mists of time, long before the Christian era.

I managed to identify a wide list of cultural models in the entire territory of Romania, but also in the Carpathian basin, the Mediterranean area and the area of ​​the Alps mountains.

A synthetic list of the costumes used in these places is presented below:


- Devils - Ieud

- Dracii/Viflaimul - Botiza, Maramureş;

- Dracii – Sărăsău, Maramureş;

- Estates - Săcel, Maramureş; without horns

- Viflaimelor Night - Vişeul de sus, Maramureş

- Brondoşi with droange - Cavnic – Maramureş;

- The Game of the Santas from Chiuzbaia, Maramureş;

- Brondoşi – Baia Sprie, Maramureş;

- Masks - Roşia, Bihor;

- Turkey – Sohodol, Alba;

- Burduhoșii - Cârţa, Sibiu;

- Turks in Meziad, Bihor;

- Bulgaria - Vama, Cacica, Şcheia, Bucovina;

- Masks - Ion Creangă, Neamţ;

- Uncheşi - Pauneşti, Vrancea; [Uncles and Babes]

- The habit of cuckoos - Brăneşti, Ilfov;

- Turks from Cărpăceşti, Galati;

- Jieni in Fundeanu, Galati;

- Turca Brodoc, Vaslui;

- Fog - Meresti, Harghita;

- Moșoaiele – Luncavița, Tulcea;


- Cuci from Brănești [Sedeanka] – Ilfov

- Calușari - Oltenia, Muntenia, Dobrogea, Moldova, Transylvania;

- Lolele - Agnita, Sibiu

- Lolele - Cincu, Braşov

- Lolele - Sighisoara

- Plowarul - Părău, Braşov

- Căiuţii – Botoşana, Suceava;

- Calușerii – Mesesenii de Sus – Sălaj

- Calușarii - Orăștie - Hunedoara

- Calușarii Boșorod – Hunedoara

- Calușarii Orăștioara – Hunedoara



- Los Zarramacos – Spain

- Kukeri "Karakuși" [Black bird] from Alfatar - Bulgaria

- Survakari from Bogdanov Dol, Pernik region – Bulgaria [Dirty Days / Mursnite Dni] (horned mask, sheep fur costume, huge bells/double bells) SURVA FESTIVAL PERNIK (winter).

- Kuci from Kaynardzha, Dobruja – Bulgaria [typically female costumes, with handmade masks of rabbit and sheep fur, wooden swords and copper bells] (spring)

- New Year Mummers talăngi - Urnasch, Appenzell, Switzerland

- Urthos E Buttudos Fonni - Italia

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